印度宣布国产航母后年交付海军,舰壳安装花费十年,能否兑现承诺

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Xinhua News Agency reported on July 8th from the Indian capital New Delhi that the Indian military is responsible for the production and procurement of naval vessels. The Navy Lieutenant General Sac Sena announced to the media that the Indian self-built aircraft carrier 'Vickland' will be in 2021. Delivered to the Indian Navy and officially commissioned in 2023. However, for weapons development, especially in the development of large-scale weapons in ships, India is often 'jumping', even the official timetable is often not much credibility.

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The Indian Navy is the first navy in the Asian region to be equipped with an aircraft carrier after World War II. From this perspective, the Indian elite does have a very keen observation and strategic planning capability. After the aircraft carrier was equipped, since the two US and Soviet powers were mainly concentrated in Europe and East Asia for the hegemony of the Cold War, the US-Soviet naval vessels operating in the Indian Ocean were relatively few. The Indian Navy relied on the aircraft carrier as the core fleet, indeed in the Indian Ocean. The scenery has been around for a while.

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However, although the elite of the Indian government has a keen and far-sighted strategic vision, it is not so good-looking when it is specifically implemented in the Indian Navy. Because India was a British colony in the early years, the United Kingdom has always regarded India as a raw material source and product consumer market. Therefore, in addition to agriculture and handicraft industry, and a small amount of light industry, India has a heavy industry, especially machining, related to national economic and technological development. The industry is extremely scarce. The problem is that although the Indian army is huge, most of its weapons and equipment need to be imported. At the same time, in order to avoid the embarrassment of 'hanging on a tree', India has to extensively purchase weapons from various countries. Until today, The Indian army has also been dubbed the 'Wan Guo card'.

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xx印度精英也意识到了这个问题,所以它一直在努力实现武器和装备的本地化。然而,目前,印度的情况仍然不容乐观。仅就战舰建造而言,早在20世纪60年代,印度造船厂就通过购买许可证建造了一艘4000吨级的英国12型反潜护卫舰。相比之下,中国在1975年建造了3500吨。建造了4200吨052驱逐舰的051型驱逐舰被推到了1992年。印度在这方面远远领先于我们。

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然而,随着时间的推移,印度不仅可以在20世纪60年代建造一艘4000吨级的大型护卫舰,而且平均建造期约为4年,这对于刚刚独立的发展中国家来说是相当困难的。然而,到20世纪80年代,当印度开始开发“德里”级驱逐舰时,所有三个“德里”等级都从开发到建造完成,整个过程耗时24年(1977年至2001年)。虽然印度有决心独立发展军事工业,但它仍然在发展过程中苦苦挣扎。 “跳票”已经成为印度造船业的常见问题,关键是这张跳票不知道能跳得多远.

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近年来印度海军开发的航空母舰也是如此。该船于2006年开始建造,并已在过去的13年中,但它仍然只是一个套管,并没有安装发动机,电子设备,雷达和其他设备。今年已经是2019年下半年了。到2021年,将只剩下大约一年半的时间。在这短短一年半的时间内,印度将完成航母所有内部设备的安装,即使在中国和美国等国家也是如此。当我第一次到达时,估计第一艘航空母舰印度很尴尬。尽管新的“Vikrant”航空母舰是在印度的一个造船厂建造的,但印度实际上将从俄罗斯进口的钢材放入一个外壳,各种发动机,雷达,计算机甚至是航空母舰内的生活设施。所有这些都需要从国外进口,只要有延期,所有这些设备都会被推迟。

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尽管印度海军采购部门的Saxena中将充满信心,但现在仍难以确认印度的“进度期”。